Reginald Southey with human and monkey skeleton
Albumen photograph by Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (nom de plume Lewis Caroll, author of Alice in Wonderland), 1857.
Reginald Southey was an English physician who invented a specialized cannula (tube) for draining the excess fluid from limbs suffering from edema (dropsy). He was lifelong friends with Charles Lutwidge Dodgson.
The pensive expression on Southey’s face betrays the fact that he’s standing with his arm around a skeleton rather than a live human. The composition of the photograph and the portrayal of the abnormal as mundane strikes me as incredibly reminiscent of the worlds Dodgson created in his writings.
You always feel like you have a lot but when you put it all in one spot it seems you don’t. I could’ve sworn I had more but then remembered I sold off or traded a lot of them in the past. All of them are real bone, I don’t like reproductions.
But this is my current collection though a lot of them I haven’t put back together yet and all the shit in the freeze doesn’t count. Only skull cleaning at the moment is the Percheron. This a crazy notion brought to you by the spontaneous want to re-arrange furniture and I should dust them anyways. I’ll probably never photograph how I display them, cause it looks like a disorganized cluster fuck. :|
My cleaned inventory: Giraffe, Quarter Horse, Donkey, 2x Raccoon, Roe Deer buck, Fallow Deer buck, Impala, Domestic Cat, White-tailed buck and button buck, White-tailed doe, Pronghorn doe, 2x Coyote, 2x unknown dog breeds, Rottweiler mix, German Shepard, Canary Island Mastiff, 3x Red Fox, Woodchuck, Bennett’s Wallaby, Lamb, Bobcat, Nutria, Wild and Domestic Pig, Muntjac fetus, 2x Raccoon-Dogs(Tanuki), Alpaca cria, and a little Muskrat. Hopefully I didn’t forget anyone.
Ohgod, I want this to be mine one day.
I love that giraffe and roe deer buck.
What’s the painted one? Muntjac fetus?
oh my. They are lovely…
French archaeologists excavating a Neolithic grave south of Paris have found evidence of a successful, infection-free amputation performed 6,900 years ago during the Linearbandkeram period when European hunter-gatherers were just settling down to subsistence farming. Considering that they didn’t even have blades back then, that’s pretty damn impressive.
The amputee was elderly, someone of stature in the community, and he lived for at least months, possibly years, after the surgery.
The patient was important: his grave was 2m (6.5ft) long — bigger than most — and contained a schist axe, a flint pick and the remains of a young animal, which are evidence of high status.
The most intriguing aspect, however, was the absence of forearm and hand bones. A battery of biological, radiological and other tests showed that the humerus bone had been cut above the trochlea indent at the end “in an intentional and successful amputation”. Mrs Buquet-Marcon said that the patient, who is likely to have been a warrior, might have damaged his arm in a fall, animal attack or battle.
“I don’t think you could say that those who carried out the operation were doctors in the modern sense that they did only that, but they obviously had medical knowledge,” she said.
The surgical tool would have been a sharpened flint. Archaeologists speculate that pain-killing plants would have been used to keep the patient still during the amputation. Antiseptic plants such as sage could have kept the wound from getting infected.
Neolithic people are known to have practiced trepanation — the surgical removal of a piece of skull — but that’s a more rudimentary kind of medicine. The earliest evidence of Stone Age trepanation is on 7,000-year-old skulls. They were performed by scraping away the bone with sharpened flint or obsidian stones. Later trepanations were done by primitive drilling tools, also made from sharpened rocks.
But it’s a big step from scraping or drilling a few holes in the skull to severing a forearm with its major arteries and nerves without killing the patient. This find suggests Stone Age farmers were significantly more medically advanced than previously realized.